ONEIDA, WISCONSIN
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Photographs of Oneida, WI contributed by Coleen Bins, Oneida

Cultural Heritage Department, 2010

The Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin was originally part of the Oneida Nation of New York. During the Revolutionary War the Oneida at first tried to remain neutral, but soon were forced to choose a side. Most Oneidas supported the colonists. After the War, the Oneida soldiers returned to find their villages burned and looted.

 

Although the Oneida originally controlled 5.3 million acres of land in what is now New York State, treaties with the United States eventually reduced their land base to 32 acres. Efforts by the United States government to remove the Oneida from valuable lands in the east, especially those in the path of what was to become the Erie Canal, led some of the Oneida to seek a new home. 

 

 

In 1822 the Oneida purchased land from the Menominee and Winnebago Nations in the Great Lakes region.  Eleazor Williams, a Christian Mohawk who ran a children’s school, influenced many Oneida families to relocate to the Wisconsin territory by speaking with the clan mothers and women in the community.  These families and others from New York formed the foundation of a new community.

 

Today, the Oneida of Wisconsin share ownership of 4,600 acres southwest of Green Bay, Wisconsin.  They are the largest Oneida group, with approximately 12,000 tribal members.  They have a General Tribal Council and elect a Business Committee of nine individuals that represent and govern the community.  They take special pride in their military veterans and honor and remember those who have fought with the United States in every war since the Revolution.

 

 

 

 


Oneida Business Park, 2010

Oneida Elderly Services Bus, 2010
There is a lot of activity in this large community.  Oneida has a bingo hall and casino, resort, and a buffalo farm.  Income from these industries is invested back into the community, funding scholarships for college, dental and medical coverage, senior housing, a museum, arts, and language programs.  The tribe is also a sponsor of  the Green Bay Packers. For children and adults alike, there’s a chance to catch up with friends and make new ones at the Farmer’s Market or the annual 4th of July powwow.  The Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin is a modern community that still values many of the things that were important to their ancestors. The SEEDS program provides money to send Oneida artists and dancers into public schools to teach about Oneida history and culture.  Elders and others meet and organize to try to save the endangered Oneida language.  The Oneida Nation or “Turtle” School  teaches all the regular subjects but also Oneida language, music, and traditions.  Individuals of all ages are working together to keep their culture alive.

Oneida Apple Orchards, 2010

House at Oneida, 2010
Oneida Nation Museum 
Box 365 W892 Double E Rd  
Oneida, WI 54155
  (920) 869-2768
Oneida Business Committee  
PO Box 365  Oneida, WI 54155  (920) 869-2214